Anorexia Nervosa: Symptoms, Effects, and Treatment

A Girl With AnorexiaDo you restrict your food consumption to a point that you lose significant body weight in a short period? Perhaps you experience chronic fatigue, restlessness, or irritability due to severe lack of oral intake?

If your intense fear of gaining weight hinders you from eating, you may be suffering from a condition known as anorexia nervosa. This disorder is characterized by a constellation of symptoms triggered by physical and social factors.

What is Anorexia Nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is one of the most common eating disorders among females worldwide. It is characterized by substantial weight loss, which can be attributed to persistent lack of food intake. Anorexic individuals are blinded by the misconception that even the slightest intake of food will alter body shape. They deny hunger, refuse any form of food intake, and use different weight loss products as coping mechanisms.

How Does Anorexia Nervosa Affect the Body?

Anorexia nervosa may cause deterioration of the several organs of the body. Due to the lack of nutrients, the structural framework of the heart weakens, which increases the risk of heart failure. You may also experience abnormal low blood pressure and slow heart rate, which decreases oxygen distribution to other organs of the body.

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Absence of food intake may also cause lower rate of blood cell formation and decreased bone density. Hence, you may experience severe dehydration and frequent fainting spells.

How is Anorexia Nervosa Managed?

Treatment of anorexia nervosa is difficult because most patients feel ashamed to admit that they have the disorder. Therefore, early detection is crucial to ensure that a professional that can provide treatment for anorexia. You may undergo psychotherapy to address the different triggers and how to deal with these problems. Nutritional education is also essential to prevent recurrence of anorexia in the future.

Anorexia nervosa is a disorder, which has several harmful effects on the body’s metabolism. Hence, early intervention by a professional is important to prevent irreversible health complications of this disorder.