Diseases of the veins are not always life threatening. For example, varicose veins are usually harmless although they look unsightly. It is a mild form of the diseases. When deeper veins are involved, they can be a cause for concern. When blood clots develop in the deep veins, they compromise blood circulation. When the clot dislodges and travels through the bloodstream, they may reach narrow vessels and block the flow of blood to the part beyond it, causing pulmonary embolism, stroke, or a heart attack, all of which are fatal.
What are your chances of developing chronic venous insufficiency?
In the United States, approximately 40 percent of the population is affected by chronic venous problems. Pregnant women and people of advancing age are highly at risk. If you have had surgery on the lower limb, or any medical procedure involving the veins, you have a higher risk of developing the venous disease than people who have not undergone similar operations. Cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy are prone to developing valvular insufficiency as well.
Non-invasive and invasive treatment options
Prevention of further swelling and development of ulcers is critical in early stage treatment. Non-surgical interventions include compression garments and injections to the superficial vein when they are the ones affected. For example, superficial vein stripping is the procedure to remove varicose veins. You don’t even have to be confined to the hospital when you undergo the procedure. Meanwhile, the procedure of choice for deep vein involvement is venous stent placement or angioplasty.
When the valves of the veins are incompetent, the early symptoms are pain and swelling, along with a feeling of heaviness of the limbs. Sometimes, you will discover a sore on the area around the ankle. When there is considerable dysfunction, the fluid will start pooling in the legs, causing noticeable bloating or edema. People who are confined to bed due to illness and weakness are most at risk for developing complications. When these symptoms are present, see your doctor immediately.